Exercise development guide for validating influenza pandemic preparedness plans
Review contingency plans at all levels, with special attention to surge capacity. To promote national and global capacity to respond to early reports of new influenza virus strains. An intensive phase of recovery and evaluation maybe required. In a community known to have a cluster, appearance of a small number of cases whose source of exposure is not readily apparent e. Review logistic and operational needs for implementation of pandemic vaccine strategy vaccine storage, distribution capacity, cold chain availability. Identify, brief regularly and train key personnel to be mobilized in case of emergence of a new influenza virus strain. To support early detection of human infection. Member States, other international organizations, nongovernmental organizations and the private sector, to facilitate implementation of the global plan. Procedure for decision making Designation of phases, including decisions on up scaling and downscaling, will be made by the Director General of WHO.
Establish a policy on compensation for loss of animals through culling, in order to improve compliance with emergency measures. Develop guidelines and tools to assist countries in ongoing monitoring of information, for assessment of impact and resource needs during the pandemic phase. To assess the national availability of antiviral drugs. Interpandemic period, phase 1 - Communications WHO Objectives National Objectives To promote the establishment of mechanisms for routine and emergency communications within and among health authorities and other appropriate partners at the international, national and subnational levels, and with the public. One or more clusters 1 involving a small number of human cases, e. Establish a national pandemic planning committee. To develop effective mechanisms for decision making and subsequent actions regarding national and international responses to influenza related health emergencies, by strengthening intersectoral and intergovernmental cooperative arrangements that will identify and minimize the risk of human infection with a new influenza virus. These unusual observations may include: Coordinate measures to ensure that appropriate components of a possible stockpile and other resources and technical assistance are available and could be deployed to affected areas if necessary. Procedure for decision making Designation of phases, including decisions on up scaling and downscaling, will be made by the Director General of WHO. Develop national guidance for use of public health interventions, considering WHO recommendations Annex 1. WHO Actions National Actions Assist national healthcare delivery authorities in identifying priority needs and response strategies,and assessing preparedness e. The designation will be made in harmony with existing regulations governing human disease reporting and control e. Vaccines Provide tools for countries on methods of assessing the annual burden of influenza as a means to increase vaccine use during interpandemic period. Establish phased national communications strategy for pandemic influenza. Identify, brief regularly and train key personnel to be mobilized in case of emergence of a new influenza virus strain. Assess effectiveness of treatment protocols and infection control measures and revise if necessary. Keep a global inventory of key manufacturers of key products. To be able to detect animal and human infections with new influenza virus strains, identify potential animal sources of human infection and assess the risk of transmission to humans. To communicate transparently with the public regarding possible outbreak progression and contingencies to be expected. Return to phase 0. To ensure that mechanisms exist for routine and emergency communications between health authorities, within and between government agencies, with other organizations likely to be involved in a pandemic response, and with the public. WHO Actions National Actions Public health interventions Maintain close liaison with international agricultural authorities having the primary responsibility for the control of the disease in animals, and provide appropriate assistance as needed. Provide guidance to national authorities in assessing the pathogenicity, and clinical and virological aspects of human infection. In no event shall the World Health Organization be liable for damages arising from its use. Post pandemic period Return to interpandemic period.
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